I started Cascade Languages because I felt like there was a fundamental flaw with how languages are commonly taught. I did not know what the flaw was exactly but I knew it was a core aspect of the methodologies most courses and products use. It took a while to pin point what it is, but I have identified it and written a short article to explain it. It turns out that there is a link between baking and learning a new language.

Beatrice decides to open a bakery. She has the space, she can bake and she has the money…


Photo by Robina Weermeijer on Unsplash

The classic Short term — Long term memory model wasn’t doing it for me, so I decided to make my own. I developed an alternative memory theory and it is called Noise Theory.

Disclaimer: Noise Theory is an engineering theory developed for design purposes. No claim is made that actual human memory works according to Noise Theory. The raison d’etre of Noise Theory is to be a memory model useful for practical purposes. It is shared here in case it is useful to others.

Memory compartmentalization

Classically, memories are grouped into two categories; short-term memory and long-term memory. …


Q: Ser and Estar, why does Spanish have them and does English have something similar?

Anyone who has studied Spanish knows that saying “is” and “are” in Spanish is not as straightforward as it is in English. You have to choose between a word that is connected to Estar and one that is connected to Ser. Why is Spanish so complicated?

A better question to ask is “why isn’t English as complicated?”. As English speakers, we may be able to understand Spanish better by exploring English. Let’s do just that.

Are you happy?

Though it is only one sentence, “are…


Photo by Siora Photography on Unsplash

Since the first time I came across it and every time since, I have heard the same two things, doubt and uncertainty. The first time I heard this, I did not know any better than to accept it but as I progressed in my Spanish, I began questioning it.

What has always confused me the most is that sentences in the subjunctive don’t look like they have much to do with doubt and uncertainty. Consider the examples below

Es nesesario que comamos (It’s necessary that we eat)

Quiero que hablen (I want that they speak)

Do the sentences above contain…


Let’s say you wanted to learn Spanish, wouldn’t it be nice if all you had to do was watch Spanish movies and magically develop Spanish speaking abilities?

. . . but that is a fantasy though, right? Everyone knows learning a language requires dozens of hours of dedication and hard work.

What if it didn’t?

What if I told you that it’s possible to learn Spanish fantastically.

Hello, my name is Frank and I am the founder of a company called Cascade Languages. Two years ago, I set out to make the ideal language teaching service and I have done…

Frank Kabangu

Entrepreneur and language lover.

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